'Personal Hygiene' is a delightful example of a paper on wellness and lifestyle. Prior to discussing aspects of personal hygiene, it is necessary to understand the term ‘ hygiene’ . The word ‘ hygiene’ has been derived from the Greek word “ hygiene” which means “ healthy, sound” (Jean, n.d. ). Basically it refers to the practice-related with ensuring cleanliness and good health. Hygiene can be of two types, good and bad. Good hygiene keeps protected from the germs and other things that can hurt the human body whereas bad hygiene allows those things to affect the body (Ray, 2009). There are three parts of hygiene that are interlinked.
Personal hygiene is a part of it. Apart from its other two components are environmental hygiene and food hygiene (National Environment Agency, 2006). Personal hygiene refers to taking care of one’ s own body. It includes keeping the body clean, which leads to staying healthy. In simple words, it can be defined as the regular routine personal care with washing and grooming. It focuses care of hair, skin, oral, face, hands, nail, feet and ears. The newly recruited employees should take care of his/her hygiene factors as the customers are aware of food and health which further deals with the personal hygiene factors too. Healthy Skin: For keeping one’ s skin healthy, it is necessary to use healthy skin shops and water.
It has been recommended by the experts to have a bath twice a day especially in tropical areas and at least once in the arctic region. Even after activities like running, walking, jogging and other sports activity, it is advised to take a bath. One relevant issue in this regard is Acne. It is basically a skin condition that appears as bumps.
It may be blackheads, red bumps, whiteheads, and others. The two most common problems can be discussed here namely “ Whitehead” and “ blackhead” . “ Whitehead” is created when oil from the oil glands mix up with the dead cells and plug up the hair follicles in the skin. A “ blackhead” is created when the air touches the plug and the plug turns black (Jean, n.d. ). 80% of adolescents have been affected by the problems of acne. Uncleanliness is not the only issue as the increased hormone is an important factor.
People must stay cautious of contamination in public places. The remedies would comprise gentle washing with non-oiled soap and facecloth twice a day, trying to avoid moisturizers and consulting with dermatologists for severe acne. Oral Hygiene: Causative factors of dental problems can be prevented through oral hygiene. Poor oral hygiene allows the accretion of acid-producing bacteria on the surface of the teeth. Acid demineralizes the tooth enamel causing tooth decay (cavities). Gum disease can be also caused because of the dental plaque which can infect and invade the gums.
The ultimate effect of poor oral hygiene can be the loss of one or more teeth (Ray, 2009). To avoid tooth decay and dental hygiene one needs to take care of the daily dental hygiene routine. It should be consisted of 2-4 minute brushing and flossing and keep in contact with a dentist at least for every six months. Body Odor: There are various reasons for body odor. Basically, mixing of perspiration along with bacteria creates body odor. Body odor can occur because of poor diets and also for some specific foods like onions, fish, etc. The way of getting rid of this problem can be to change cloth daily, take daily bath or showers with soap, use of antiperspirants and scrub and maintain a healthy diet. Care of Finger and Toe Nails: Nails should be filed in one direction.
Especially toe-nails should be cut straight across. By avoiding tight shoes and very high heels, ingrown toenails can be avoided (Jean, n.d. ). Hand Washing: Hand washing can prevent many of the illnesses such as Swine Flu, Meningitis, Hepatitis A and many other infectious diseases. Hair Problem: To avoid hair problems one should brush hair and stimulate hair and scalp.
The brush should be from roots tip for spreading the oils to the whole length of hair. To avoid dandruff, proper use of shampoo is necessary. It refers to shampoo as per the nature of the hair. Food Safety Basically all restaurants usually follow proper food safety regulations. One of the major responsibilities of restaurants is to keep its customers away from sickness with regard to food poisoning. The employees of restaurants have to understand that whenever a customer walks into the restaurant, he is making an unspoken accord with the management that he will pay for the food along with the service that comes with it.
All the employees should give their best to meet this implied condition. Here, the onus lies upon the restaurant to keep its product safe to eat (Food Safety and You, n.d. ). Each and every food business has to take care of the effect of food hygiene legislation. The new legislation had been introduced in January 2006 in the UK. This legislation is dependent on the size of the business (Food Standards Agency, 2010). Employees should be conversant with the process.
According to the food safety process, the employees have to undertake a few processes. Those are as follows: Risk Assessment: It should consist of hazard characterization, hazard identification, exposure assessment, and risk characterization. Risk Communication: In this part, opinions and information should be exchanged among the key stakeholders. Risk Management: This process refers to the weighing policy of the alternatives but in consultation with the interested parties. Official Control: The last part is that of official control, it means monitoring process and products along with inspecting the establishment (Author Stream, 2010). While discussing food safety, it is important to discuss the factors that contribute to food poisoning outbreaks, especially in the last two decades. Poor Personal Hygiene - 9% Inadequate Cooking- 27% Temperature Control- 20% Unsafe Food Source- 19% Contaminated Equipment- 19% Others -6% (Queensland, 2004). Foods can be handled properly through good personal hygiene care and especially by taking care of the hands as it is such a body part that has been used for almost all kind of daily activities and are contaminated very fast.
So the employees have to be careful to wash their hands and clean nail and fingers frequently. Even they have to dry their hands too. They should not use their own cloth to wipe their hands and should use gloves while using raw foods and should change it as per requirement. Whenever the chef will get into the kitchen he should wash his hands. Apart from personal hygiene, there are various other things to be considered. The area where the food has been preserved and kept should be free form pests and animals but pesticides also can not be used.
It has to be ensured that none of the sick employees will cook the food but they can be allowed to do other official jobs. The chef should keep the raw meats, seafood and poultry separated from the cocked food. Proper refrigeration and temperature in the food storage should be maintained. Food should be protected by placing it in covered containers or with plastic-wrapped cover. While serving food, equipment should be used instead of hands. The employees of the restaurants should wear clean clothes and apron while preparing food and serving the same.
The most important matter is that the food should be preserved as per the required temperature not more or less than that as it is subject to growing bacteria (Queensland Health, 2004). Healthy Eating Implementation Strategy Basically the human body structure and human health are depended upon what we eat and what we do. Therefore, healthy eating is a must. It refers to a balanced diet. Healthy eating can be described as a process of eating a variety of nutritious food with minimum sugar, fat, and oils in it; and to have more fruits and vegetables and others.
Most health-conscious people try to maintain this habit and with the passing of time, the number of these kinds of people has increased throughout the world. It sets alarm for the food industry to bring changes in the concept of traditional food items. Therefore, it is high time to implement a new healthy eating strategy. The framework for implementing this strategy can be described through various attributes.
Firstly, the vision of the project should be to provide a portion of healthy food and environment to the customers. The objective and goal of implementing this strategy are that the foods should be of improved quality, nutritious, hygienic and balanced calories. From the previous records, the new employees will be able to determine the taste and preference of their existing customers and from that trend, they can build up a new set of choices for the customers with combining new and old menus. For implanting this strategy, at first, management needs to frame a proper timeline and subsequently, they need to implement the strategy (Ministry of Health, 2004).
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