Children's Exposure to Adult Smokers – Paediatric Research Example

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The paper 'Children's Exposure to Adult Smokers' is a worthy example of paediatric research. A single-blind, randomized trial of 150 households will be used. It will involve children that are 2-6 years old that have been tested and are undergoing intensive interventions. Their parents will also be part of a study in order to observe their behaviors and collect their opinions concerning any new developments. This will be significant in understanding any possible intervention that could be used to reverse this trend (Kabir, Manning,   Holohan, Keogan,   Goodman,   & Clancy,   2009). Counseling sessions, distribution of education materials, and telephone follow-up are some of the strategies that will be used to determine who will participate in the study.

However, all these people must have issues related to secondhand smoke. However, samples will be selected randomly in order to avoid any error that might affect the end results. A focused group will be selected at baseline and a 4-month follow-up will follow.   The group will be composed of 20 children and their parents. They will then be grouped into small groups of five. This will make it possible to compare the results of the two groups.

The focused group will be selected based on the data collected from one of the local health facilities. The focus group will involve the children and their parents. However, children from single parents but have been affected by secondhand smoke will also be considered. Involving these parties will expand the dimensions of the study. This will ensure that all members of the group have similar characteristics. This is to ensure that there is uniformity in the overall results. Research Design The research will use three main designs, i.e. , descriptive, correlation, and review of the literature.

In order to come up with an in-depth conclusion, the study will involve the collection of both primary and secondary data (Ö berg, Jaakkola,   Woodward,   Peruga,   & Prü ss-Ustü n, 2011). The primary data will be collected using the sampling methods. On the other hand, the secondary data will be collected from different library materials such as journals, books, magazines, and newspapers. Moreover, online materials will be used to supplement the secondary information collected from the libraries. Data from a chosen sample will be collected through administering questionnaires.

A questionnaire will have a complementary role in the acquisition of the targeted information. This method will aim at getting a wide range of opinions concerning the topic of study (King, Martynenko,   Bergman,   Liu,   Winickoff, & Weitzman,   2009). The questionnaire shall be prepared to use 5- point Likert scale. Qualitative research will need a systematic way of coding, organizing, analyzing and organizing the non-numerical data. The questionnaires to be administered will have 15 questions each. They will have both open-ended and close-ended questions. This is to ensure that the respondents are given ample space to express their opinions and recommendations if any (Akhtar, Haw, Levin, Currie, Zachary, & Currie, 2009).

This will be significant in making the research to be credible for future use. Besides the questionnaires, interviews will also be conducted in order to get first-hand information concerning the topic of study (Marano, Schober, Brody, & Zhang, 2009). Mainly, the interviews will focus on the parents and professionals who have experienced the impact of secondhand smoke on children. This will be significant in coming up with a conclusion that has balanced issues from all dimensions.


Akhtar, P. C., Haw, S. J., Levin, K. A., Currie, D. B., Zachary, R., & Currie, C. E. (2009). Socioeconomic differences in second-hand smoke exposure among children in Scotland after the introduction of the smoke-free legislation. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 64(4), 341-346.

Kabir, Z., Manning, P. J., Holohan, J., Keogan, S., Goodman, P. G., & Clancy, L. (2009). Second-hand smoke exposure in cars and respiratory health effects in children. European Respiratory Journal, 34(3), 629-633.

King, K., Martynenko, M., Bergman, M. H., Liu, Y., Winickoff, J. P., & Weitzman, M. (2009). Family Composition and Children's Exposure to Adult Smokers in Their Homes. Pediatrics, 123(4), 559-564.

Marano, C., Schober, S. E., Brody, D. J., & Zhang, C. (2009). Secondhand Tobacco Smoke Exposure Among Children and Adolescents: the United States, 2003-2006. Pediatrics, 124(5), 1299-1305.

Öberg, M., Jaakkola, M. S., Woodward, A., Peruga, A., & Prüss-Ustün, A. (2011). Worldwide burden of disease from exposure to second-hand smoke: a retrospective analysis of data from 192 countries. Lancet, 377(9760), 139-146.

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