Diabetes and Hypertension – Metabolic Problems Example

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'Diabetes and Hypertension' is a worthy example of a paper on metabolic problems.   Diabetes check-ups, tests, and investigation Diabetes diagnosed individuals take care of their condition by eating healthily and living active lifestyles that are helpful in controlling their blood sugar level. In addition, they are required to regularly go for health check-ups and tests eye examination, foot examination, cholesterol, hemoglobin A1c test, and Kidney test. Check-ups are essential as it enables the patient to ask questions concerning their heath; understand the condition and the requirements to keep the blood sugar level within the target, and that medication is taken the right way.

Check-ups should be after every 3 to 6 months and it usually entails examining the feet, weight and blood pressure (Colloque, Craft, Christen & Fondation IPSEN pour la recherche thérapeutique. 2010). Diagnosis of the diabetic condition and the need to adapt his/her lifestyle   People with diabetes are compelled with the condition to adjust their lifestyle by ensuring they maintain a well-balanced diet that is characterized by taking unprocessed carbohydrates and good fats. Furthermore, they are advised not to take drinks that are sugary in an attempt to maintain their blood sugar level.

Exercising can also help in remedying the condition (Colloque médecine et recherche, Craft, S., Christen, Y., & Fondation IPSEN pour la recherche thérapeutique, 2010).     Strategies individuals can employ to cope up with lifestyle changes caused by Diabetes The general approach to the diabetic condition entails practicing a healthy lifestyle through proper dieting and exercising in a healthy environment. The government is mandated to promoting changes and enacting policies that provide an amicable healthy environment. However, the individuals should adopt the following strategies to effectively maintain the condition: they are obliged to control their weight since being overweight encourages diabetes type 2; they should not be immobile since inactivity promotes the type 2 diabetes; they should modify their diets to contain grains and minimize as much as possible carbohydrates that are processed; they are advised to choose drinks that are sugarless and especially is highly recommended; social habits such as smoking and alcohol are discouraged (Colloque, Craft, Christen & Fondation IPSEN pour la recherche thérapeutique, 2010). Prognosis and potential long term outcomes for the individual with diabetes Prognosis defines if the diagnosis is useful or less useful since diagnosis categorizes individuals into groups depending on the pathology and disease.

New diagnosis usually relies on prognosis evidence of the improved outcomes. The patient’ s prognosis is ideal in identifying the cases of over-diagnosis and the assumptions are that identification of the conditions increases the chance of the outcomes. Moreover, the prognosis of the patient does not entirely rely on the diseases diagnosed although it provides a framework for clinical practices (Colloque, Craft, Christen, & Fondation IPSEN pour la recherche thérapeutique, 2010). Check-ups, test, and investigation of Hypertension The test for hypertension is conducted in order to determine the high blood pressure, its persistence, determine if the condition can be controlled or resolved, and to monitor the control of hypertension.

One of the mandatory tests is the measurement of blood pressure. Other tests are laboratory tests which may include: potassium, urinalysis, proteins in the urine, calcium, lipid test, and specific tests on aldosterone and rennin, and cortisol. Nonlab tests may involve electrocardiography, eye examination, physical examination, and imaging of the kidneys and chest.

In addition, it is prudent for individuals and medical practitioners to determine if the treatment for hypertension is working (Bakris & Baliga, 2012). Diagnosis of the hypertension condition and the need to adapt his/her lifestyle Individuals with hypertension are required to maintain their body weight as an increase may elevate the condition to the chronic levels. They are also required to watch out their eating habits with more emphasis being laid on balanced dieting. Diets that are rich in unwanted fats are highly discouraged. Exercising regularly can help in improving the blood flow in the blood vessels thus minimizing the effects of the condition.

In addition, patients with hypertension are advised to regularly go for medical check-ups in order to for their conditions to be monitored and proper diagnosis and prognosis to be undertaken (Bakris & Baliga, 2012).


Bakris, G. L., & Baliga, R. R. (2012). Hypertension. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Colloque médecine et recherche, Craft, S., Christen, Y., & Fondation IPSEN pour la recherche thérapeutique. (2010). Diabetes, insulin, and Alzheimer's disease. Heidelberg: Springer.

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