Intervention Methods and Chlamydia – Infections Example

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"Intervention Methods and Chlamydia" is a controversial example of a paper on infections. Potential Interventions Option When Who How Constant Screening ·   Primary - Prevention of transmission among couples (Scholes, 1996). This helps the population avoid the possibility of infection.     ·         At-risk population- Since the screening process tries to prevent the population from being infected or transmit the infection (Sadler et al, 2010). ·         Motivation- It motivates the population to have continuous testing and prevent themselves from having unsafe sexual partners (Mertz, 1997).   Mass Media Promotion ·   Secondary- Informs infected individuals on how to prevent transmission to the uninfected part of the population (Andersen, Ostergaard, Moller, and Olesen, 2001).

It also informs the uninfected part of the population on how to avoid infection from the infected part of the population.   ·         At-risk population- This mode of intervention enables the uninfected part of the population to avoid Chlamydia infection (Poljski, Atkin and Williams, 2004). ·         Information- It is a mode of transmitting information about the transmission rates, transmission mechanisms, and how to prevent oneself from infection (Poljski, Atkin and Williams, 2004). Use of Protection ·   Primary- It is used by the individuals themselves in avoiding infection from Chlamydia.   ·       Individual- This is a self-initiated project, where the individual tries to avoid infection.   ·         Information- This mode of intervention acts as informative since an individual learns how to protect themselves from Chlamydia infection.   Education ·   Primary- Education comes in many types, with the main part being sexual education in the population.

This is a primary focus since it focuses mainly on preventing information in the uninfected. ·       At-risk population- The uninfected part of the population is taught how to avoid the impact of Chlamydia infection. ·         Obligation- It is an obligation of health groups and the Government to teach the whole population how to avoid infection (Poljski, Atkin and Williams, 2004). Key: Primary intervention- Is done before the onset of Chlamydia Secondary intervention- Is done after Chlamydia or risk factors develop and can be noticed, but the symptoms have not appeared yet. Tertiary intervention- Is done after the first appearance of the symptoms of Chlamydia, but before the disease becomes irreversible. Education- Giving people information about why they should change their behaviour concerning Chlamydia Motivation- Incentives used to motivate individuals to change their behaviour Obligation- Use of mandatory or legally sanctioned actions to prevent Chlamydia   Recommended Interventions Option Advantages Disadvantages Use of Protection- This is a primary mode of intervention done by the individuals themselves to prevent Chlamydia infection. ·   The best method of preventing transmission of disease- Use of protection like condoms is very effective in preventing transmission of disease (EAG, 2001) ·   Protection methods are cheap and widely available- Protection methods are available in all chemists and pharmacies, as well as public places ·         Protection methods can fail sometimes- Protection methods are not completely secure, they can sometimes fail ·         Reluctance of some individual to use protection- some people prefer having sexual contact without using protection Education Education is done by health groups, the government and interest groups to inform the at-risk population about Chlamydia infection and transmission (Ginige, 2007).

This is targeted at the population at risk of contracting the disease, for example, teens. It is also focused on infected individuals, who are taught the means of preventing transmission to the other parts of the population. This is done before the other part of the population is infected.   ·   Helps in notifying people about the disease and its effects- This helps people be cautious about being infected with Chlamydia ·   Can be used to reach a large population- The population largely wants to be populated, which helps in reducing transmission. ·         Some individuals ignore the education given, claiming that they know what they do ·         Other individuals do not heed education because they think that trust is more important than education   Intervention Methods/ Strategies Use of Protection The implementation of this strategy can be done by introducing them to young individuals.

The groups that are trying to protect the population should focus on teaching protection methods to teens and the young population.

This protection method is not only done for the uninfected population, but it also focuses on the infected and how they can prevent transmission to the uninfected individuals. Education Education should also be focused on teens, in which the educational program will be most effective. The strategy can also be used in conjunction with mass media, which ensures that the message is passed to as big a part of the population as possible (Andersen, Ostergaard, Moller, and Olesen, 2001). The education process is mainly used to prevent the transmission of the disease o the uninfected part of the population, which can be done by informing both the uninfected and infected population.

The at-risk individuals are taught the importance of screening and protection, which saves them from infection. Conversely, the infected part of the population is taught hot to avoid transmission of the disease.    

References

Andersen, B., and Ostergaard. L., and Moller, J., and Olesen, F. (2001). Effectiveness of a mass media campaign to recruit young adults for testing of Chlamydia trachomatis by use of home obtained and mailed samples. Sex Transm Infect, Vol. 77(6). Pp. 416-418.

Expert Advisory Group. (2001). Chlamydia trachomatis. Summary and conclusions of CMO's Expert Advisory Group on Chlamydia trachomatis. London: Department of Health.

Ginige, S. (2007). Interventions for Increasing Chlamydia Screening in Primary Care: A Review. BMC Public Health, Vol. 7.

Mertz, J., et al. (1997). Trends in the prevalence of chlamydial infections: the impact of community wide testing. Sex Trans Dis. Vol. 24. Pp. 169–75.

Poljski, C., Atkin, L., and Williams, H. (2004). Review of sexual health clinical services in Victoria. Family Planning Victoria, Melbourne.

Sadler KE, et al. (2010) Testing for sexually transmitted infections in general practice: cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health, Vol. 3(10). Pp. 667.

Scholes, D., et al. (1996). Prevention of pelvic inflammatory disease by screening for cervical chlamydial infection. N Eng J Med. Vol. 334. Pp.1362–1366.

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