"Public Health Nursing" is an engrossing example of a paper on the health system. Public health is critical to the growth and development of society. In particular, both infectious and non-infectious disease incidences affect the welfare of the general population in diverse and dynamic ways. In this respect, it is critical to reduce, control, and manage both infectious and non-infectious diseases in the public setting. Surveillance and screening come in handy in the reduction of diseases and subsequent enhancement of public health (Thornbory, 2009). In the public health context, surveillance aids in the assessment of the implications of poor health in society.
This assessment could take place in the workplace, school setting, or in any other type of environment where control is possible to administer. The idea is to capture health-based factors or variables that contribute to the exacerbation or reduction of both infectious and non-infectious diseases. Surveillance looks into the trends of disease incidence and consequently takes a preventative or curative measure to correct the problem. In so doing, surveillance aids in the control, management, or eradication of the health problem in question.
For example, identified predisposing factors in a work environment could be addressed to reduce or minimize the occurrence of an infectious or non-infectious disease. On the other hand, screening provides for the consideration of critical health records, a practice that helps in health-based decision-making. In essence, screening allows the parties involved to collect data and subsequently gather information about infectious and non-infectious disease incidences. This move occasions stakeholders to take the necessary course of action in regards to public health needs, concerns, and issues relevant to both infectious and non-infectious diseases. D1 Individual and community health is vital for the realization of the prospects of public health.
In the public health setting, many different agencies play diverse and dynamic roles in measuring, monitoring, and controlling disease incidence in communities (Detels, Beaglehole, Lansang, and Gulliford, 2010). The role of each agency is influential because it contributes to the overall success of the public health system. Agencies in the public health setting operate within and across local, national, and international levels. However, the common denominator is that these agencies constitute a key component of the healthcare delivery process. Government and non-government organizations, health trusts, World Health Organization, charity firms, and voluntary organizations among other agencies collaborate to promote preventative and curative measures for both infectious and non-infectious diseases (Detels, Beaglehole, Lansang, and Gulliford, 2010).
By working together, these and more agencies ensure that a diverse range of diseases is accounted for. Most importantly, agencies such as the World Health Organization and government-driven initiatives regulate public health practices, thereby influencing disease incidence trends across the globe. In so doing, measuring, monitoring, and controlling disease incidence in global communities become a collaborative effort among local, national, and international health agencies.
On the same note, these agencies create awareness and empower the public to take control, manage, and improve public health from a personal, communal, or societal point of view. Such a move mobilizes all stakeholders to promote functional, effectiveness, and efficient public health practices.
Detels, R., Beaglehole, R., Lansang, M. A., and Gulliford, M. (2010). Oxford Textbook of Public Health. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Thornbory, G. (2009). Public Health Nursing. Wiley Blackwell: London.