PBH 300 Exam 3 study guide Chapter 11 Be able to explain why global health is an important public health issue. "Importance of the Global Health"' is a good example of a paper on the health system. Global health is an important public health issue because it explains the environmental risks of diseases and social-economic conditions that give details on the relationship between the nature of the economy and global economic systems. Determine the difference between globalization and global health. The difference between globalization and global health is that globalization is about industrialization and country development while global health explains diseases and various illnesses in different countries around the world. Describe and provide an example of the Behavior Change Communication (BCC) theory Behavior Change Communication theory is an approach used to improve a specific health problem example participatory approaches. What do you have to do to adapt behavior change approaches developed in a U. S.
context for application in a global health context? One has to do the following to be able to adapt behavior change approaches developed in a U. S. context for application in a global health context: follow all health behavior theory, set goals for good health, and understand the difference between globalization and global health. Chapter 12 Be able to provide examples of populations that are at high-risk and why Populations that are at high risks include migrant workers, adults returning from prisons, runaway youth, people involved in the sex trade, youth from high crime communities, and urban high poverty communities because they have limited or no access to health care. Provide an example of a theory that could be used in a high-risk situation. The theory that could be used in a high-risk situation is the theory of planned behavior. Be able to explain and apply the risk and protective factors model The risk and protective factors model explains the degree to which youth have been exposed to risk or protective factors is said to predict the likelihood of health risk behavior. What is the difference between the harm reduction approach and the generative approach?
Provide an example of how to use each of these two in a high-risk situation. The difference between the harm reduction approach and the generative approach is that harm reduction focus on specific behavior, which poses the greatest public health treat example reducing of HIV transmission among the youth, while in the short term, not addressing other behaviors the person may engage in that are also risky or unhealthy while generative approach assumes that a very important human process is to make meaning out of what we do example pursuing and maintain a gender role. When trying to understand and address high-risk behavior, why should context be a concern? The context should be a concern when trying to understand and addressing high-risk behavior because it would help in identifying a specific group and finding the possible behavior that responds to a certain health risk. Chapter 13 Name the three reasons why we evaluate. Reasons, why we evaluate, are accountability, learning, improvement, and theory Be able to describe the impact, process, and outcome evaluations and an example of how to collect data for each type of evaluation. Impact evaluation explains the immediate change after intervention and data in this type of evaluation is collected through pre and post data collection.
Process evaluation is where the components of the intervention are implemented as planned.
Data collection can be through interviews and observation. Outcome evaluation answers the question of if the intervention affected the overall issue and the ultimate target. The method of data collection is by longer-term, pre, and post data. Know how to develop and create a logic model. Developing and creating a logical model involves linking what you plan to do with its expected impacts and outcomes. What is an evaluation method? Provide an example of an evaluation method design. Evaluation methods are tools that help you make a case for the efficacy or lack of efficiency of an intervention.
Examples of an evaluation method designs are the bench making and the classic experimental design. Define confound, qualitative data, and quantitative data. Confounds are unplanned occurrences that may affect intervention and interfere with a claim that only the intervention caused a particular change. Qualitative data is an intervention measured using the degree of their importance. Quantitative data are measure using numbers and digits. Chapter 14 What are health disparities? Why are racial/ethnic disparities an important issue? Health disparities are the difference between health status the majority population and population subgroups.
Ethnic/racial disparities are an important issue because it determines the kind of health care and the levels that a particular population health group should get. Be able to provide examples of the causes of health disparities. Causes of health disparities include a combination of vulnerability, social-economic circumstances, and inadequate systems. What is it meant by cultural competency? Cultural competency is knowing one's culture and beliefs that make them less vulnerable to health risks. Know how to provide an example of how to use an individual theory or approach to address health disparities. Addressing health disparity can be through a multilevel approach where various programs and strategies are used together to address disparities at multiple levels. Chapter 15 How can theory be used in the examples that were provided above? Theory in career choices and social behavior can be used to explain program management, design, evaluation, implementation, and advocacy. Code of Ethics: Be familiar with the headings in the Code of Ethics The headings in the code of ethics include career choices and social behavior. Analyze the need for/usefulness of the COE The need and usefulness of the code of ethics are that it gives employers and employees rules that they are supposed to operate from when relating to each other and the clients they get to deal with every day.