"Effectiveness of a Self-Efficacy Program for Persons with Diabetes" is a great example of a paper on the health system. According to Baumann & Ngoc (2012), chronic diseases are described by the World Health Organization as diseases that need continuing management over a duration of years. Bumann & Ngoc (2012) go on to state that chronic diseases can include asthma, diabetes, and heart diseases. They assert that the treatment of chronic diseases requires the organized participation of several health practitioners. It also needs access to important drugs and observation mechanisms. Adults in the community who suffer from chronic diseases have to take care of themselves in what is termed as self-care or management.
The management of the diseases by adults at a personal level is vital as it can improve the quality of life they are living (Baumann & Ngoc, 2012) In the management of chronic diseases by adults, confidence is of utmost importance because the main aim is not to cure the chronic disease but to manage it. Through management, the burden of chronic disease is reduced. According to Ounnapiruk et al.
(2014), the confidence of adults suffering from chronic diseases can be improved through behavior adjustment programs such as group discussion and counseling. The confidence can also be enhanced through an empowerment method that boosts eating of diets that are healthy, exercise undertaken, and belief in the medication (Ounnapiruk, Wirojratana, Meehatchai, & Turale, 2014). Self-efficacy is an idea that is utilized to comprehend the behavior of adults with chronic diseases. As a factor, it is vital in boosting confidence. It is described as a belief in their ability to thrive.
It is associated with individuals suffering from chronic diseases who are certain when they are able to prosper through self-management of chronic disease (Sharoni & Vivienne, 2012). Vivienne et al. (2011) note that self-efficacy permits persons to adjust and manage chronic disorders. Persons who can manage to cope under certain uncomfortable and stressful conditions have self-efficacy. Under self-efficacy, an individual ailing from a chronic disease is availed with confidence to conquer hindrances to assume some behaviors that are hard to stop, but helpful in the management of chronic disease.
Self-efficacy boosts confidence by centering on change in behavior (Vivienne, et al. , 2011). Behavioral change of an individual is said to rise from the education and knowledge the person gets concerning the chronic disease. Such knowledge includes the impact of physical activity and diet on the disease. Ho, Berggren, and Dahlborg-Lyckhage (2010) indicate that empowerment is vital in improving the confidence of persons suffering from chronic diseases. According to them, empowerment is an aiding process where persons are facilitated to amend a condition, and they are provided with the resources, expertise, power, and authority to do so.
Empowerment takes into consideration the self of the individual and intends to instigate optimistic belief in self (Ho, Berggren, & Dahlborg-Lyckhage, 2010). It also enables them to be successful in the self-management of chronic disease. The study finds that the use of an activity-related effect can be an efficient plan of empowerment. An efficient empowerment plan can also utilize situational and interpersonal controls. By using these two means, then, the individual’ s confidence is boosted, and health-promoting behaviors are enhanced. The health promotion model is said to stress the importance of anticipation in the determining of behavior.
Ho, Berggren, and Dahlborg-Lyckhage (2010) go on to say that the higher an individual’ s perceived proficiency and confidence in behavior, then, the higher the probability the person will undertake the behavior and activity.