Health Belief Model in Promotion for Self Care of Congestive Heart Failure – Cardiovascular System Example

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"Health Belief Model in Promotion for Self Care of Congestive Heart Failure" is a delightful example of a paper on the cardiovascular system. Congestive heart failure remains among the leading terminal illnesses causing deaths. Most patients suffer due to irresponsible behavior, as is the case with Mr. Swelling Feet. His articulate behavior is cognitively worsening his case as he lacks the proper attention and behavioral practices that should foster his life. Health behavior models address is essential in facilitating the care for such patience as they present a personalized approach to the case (Moser & Riegel, 2009).

Mr. Swelling Feet has several beliefs that require addressing from the perception of the influences that his behavior causes to his health. The perception as Mr. Swelling Feet posses about his current situation presents several threats to his behavior. He holds that there is nothing wrong with his health, and he does not see the need for a physician in his life. Further, he has life practices that directly influence the quality of his health concerning his heart condition. Smoking and drinking alcohol are direct factors contributing to the worsening of the heart case.

Further, the factor that he is overweight implies that his heart is cannot pump a supply of blood to the body without tiring. Coupled with the fact that he cannot read, the case is remarkably serious. According to his beliefs, he also holds that he is not susceptible to getting heart disease. He believes that, from his ancestors, the family lineage consumed alcohol and smoked, yet none of them ever got the heart condition. Thus, in his perception, he is not susceptible to greeting congestive heart failure.

Thus, from these irresponsible and unrealistic beliefs, it is essential to develop a plan that addresses his behavioral practices and beliefs as concerns his case; thus, the health behavior model will address Mr. Swelling Feet accordingly. Theory Description Health Belief Model is an all-inclusive model plan for assessing a patient with impractical beliefs and health behaviors that worsen the condition he or she suffers (Hayden, 2009). The construct of the model presents a successful theory for medically addressing the developments of a patient in the process of addressing their needs and respective attention to the condition.

The theoretical approach as presented in this model presents practical stages of addressing the condition of the patient, from analyzing the patient and perceived beliefs and behaviors, to the development of an action plan. The moral sections present several perceptive approaches to understanding the development of the health action plan for the patient. The areas of focus for the model include assessing the perceived susceptibility of the patient. In the entire behavioral and belief aspects of a patient, they present various reasons to prove their dissertation about their chances of getting the illness.

Thus, this model helps assess the susceptibility of the patient, understanding the barriers that the patient will present to stop him or her from adopting the suggestions for behavior change (Hayden, 2009). The perceived barriers opposing the change of behavior usually consist of various beliefs, from religious to mythical and theoretical beliefs. Additionally, this model helps identify the perceived seriousness of the condition by the patient, helping develop the action plan from a practical approach point. This aspect of the model provides the development for the plan to focus specifically on the needs of the patient; hence, it is need-oriented. After assessing the perceptions of the patient on the condition he suffers, the following section of the model helps address the attributes of the action plan.

The section of the model addresses the perceived benefits of the plan, helping familiarize and orient the action plan to the patient with respect to benefits they stand to gain from the health intervention plan (Hayden, 2009). Additionally, the planning model also facilitates redress to the variables affecting the behavior change for the patient.

It evaluates the aspects of life and beliefs that the patient will change, and the possibility of adopting the propositions of the new behavioral change for the patient. Additionally, the model presents an assessment of the aspects and perceptions of the efficacy of the patient with respect to the action plan projected. Lastly, as the model concludes the model addresses the area of cues of action that seek to facilitate the process of the patient adopting the proposed behavior change plan (Hayden, 2009).

This section of the model facilitates the process of the change for the patient. It helps review the sections of the behavior model that will address the client variables accordingly; hence, it is the determining section of the success of the proposed action plan. This model facilitates the systematic analysis of the progress of the patient. Plan to action In executing the plan, there are several factors for consideration with respect to Mr. Swelling Feet and his perception of his current situation. It is notable his denial of the case he suffers.

Thus, the beginning point is to help him in realizing that the condition exists and he needs to seek medical attention (Moser & Riegel, 2009). This section of the intervention will entail employing the section of the behavior model on perceptions of the client on self-efficacy and variables that need modifying for successful health belief and behavioral change. The activity entails the first week of action, in which to encourage him, I will seek the assistance of facilitating groups in the local hospital care model for patients with heart conditions to show this patient that his condition is real (Moser & Riegel, 2009).

Further, I will facilitate him with relevant information regarding the condition to help in emancipating him. This activity will establish the grounds for introducing the new behavioral model for the patient. After introducing the patient to the facilitation of the model, the plan initiates, the cognitive change for their health intervention activity. Further, I will engage the services of a counseling professional and a social worker in establishing the foundation for the incorporation of the behavioral change model for the patient.

This multidisciplinary approach to the case in engaging the patient in the action plan will facilitate the grounds for the success of the plan. Multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary cooperation in addressing the condition of Mr. Swelling Feet will help address his levels of perceptions regarding his health behavior. It will increase the outcome of the action plan within a period of four months of engaging the patient. The weekly intervention schedule will entail visits to various professionals, including, a social worker, a physician for assessment of progress, a professional psychologist, and clinical care nurse to ensure the patient takes medication as prescribed (Moser & Riegel, 2009).

Thus, from these activities, the model will get the patient in the course for implementing the change in behavior, expected to last for the first six months continuously. Afterward, the sessions will reduce to reduced visits by professionals, only leaving the physician to assess on a monthly basis, the social psychologist once every fortnight, and the clinical care nurse remaining o the daily schedule for patient monitoring. At the end of the first three months, the patient ought to start implementing the behavior changes proposed accordingly and willingly and in six months, he will adapt to the proposed changes completely; hence, the success of the plan. Progress assessment The implementation of the action plan as proposed with respect to the model will face challenges from the perceived barriers and susceptibility of the patient towards the condition he suffers.

Additionally, the first two weeks of the action plan will prove most challenging from the observation that the patient is illiterate. Therefore, managing to emancipate the patient and change his perceptions regarding the behavior change proposition will require significant efforts.

Further, the patient adopting these changes at first will prove challenging as the perceived beliefs on the seriousness of the condition will slow the progress. However, once the patient agrees to participate voluntarily in the action plan, then the progress will proceed as projected in the plan of action. Thus, the action plan schedule may adjust to add another two weeks at the first section for emancipating and convincing the patient to voluntarily participate and adopt the model.

However, the remaining part of the action plan should proceed with the schedule suggested in the plan, with regular assessment reports on every progress of the patient during the time of visitation by the professional. Concluding Summary In view of the scenario of Mr. Swelling Feet, essential features of the lesson incorporate that, the health belief model facilitates the development of a self-evaluating mechanism to foster the success of the patient towards recovery and improved health. Additionally, factors of illiteracy and misplaced beliefs affect the health practices of patients from various backgrounds.

However, with relevant and practical approaches to the care plan for such patients, especially those suffering terminal conditions such as congestive heart failure, healthy behavioral practices remain key in addressing their health conditions (Moser & Riegel, 2009). The health behavior beliefs model provides the relevant and practical action plan for intervening in the cases as presented in the cognitive care for MR. Swelling Feet.


Hayden, J. (2009). Introduction to health behavior theory. Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett.

Moser, D. K., & Riegel, B. (2009). Improving outcomes in heart failure: An interdisciplinary approach. Gaithersburg, Md: Aspen Publishers.

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