Anterior Myocardial Infarction – Cardiovascular System Example

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"Anterior Myocardial Infarction" is a worthy example of a paper on the cardiovascular system. Necrosis of heart tissue is due to prolonged ischemia. The patient presents signs and symptoms of fatigue, malaise, and chest discomfort. The 78years old lady patient had a blood pressure of 175/100 and sinus tachycardia with 32 breaths per minute in ED. ECG showed an elevated presence of ST-segment (Antoniucci 2009)Cardiac assessmentThe patient woke up in the morning alert and orientated. With temp 35.8c, Spo2 99% on 2L O2, vital signs normal, blood pressure of 130/76 regular.

The GNT has ceased prior to returning to the wards. The patient was recommended to eat a healthy diet and to see a cardiologist for follow-ups (Hales 2011). Potential sheath removal issues                      The procedure is done by nurses so that they can manage the risks and complications that occur after the removal of the femoral sheath. The complexity includes bleeding which can be prevented by applying manual compression. Neurovascular observationThese observations include monitoring vascular and nerve blood supply to upper and lower limbs. The aim is to detect any sign of vascular impairment and complications which may lead to further tests and intervention.

The patient had a blocked left anterior of the descending coronary artery. A neurovascular observation detected the left foot cool and pale and right pink and warm. But both had normal movement, sensation, and dorsal pulse (Fivaz-Arbane 2000). Pain managementManagement of the patient was done by administering. Esomeprazole night time. Metoprolol 25mg mane. Simvastatin 20mg night time. Vitamin D and calcium tablets one daily and lastly Paracetamol 1 mg 6/24.ConclusionThe patient suffered from myocardial infarction due to occultation to the left anterior descending artery.

The artery supplies the heart with oxygenated blood, especially the anterior interventricular septum and the left ventricle. In this case, a stent was put to hold the vessel opening and re-vascularise the myocardium. The following conditions can lead to the above case, carcinogenic shock, congestive heart failure, and infection. Cardiac monitoring can be used to detect the above (Stouffer 2009).

References

Antoniucci, D. (2009). Primary angioplasty mechanical interventions for acute myocardial infarction. New York, Informa Healthcare. http://public.eblib.com/choice/publicfullrecord.aspx?p=1407487.

Fivaz-Arbane, M., & Goy, J.-J. (2000). Prediction of the site of total occlusion in the left anterior descending coronary artery using admission electrocardiogram in anterior wall acute myocardial infarction. American Journal of Cardiology

Stouffer, G. A. (2009). Practical ECG interpretation clues to heart disease in young adults. Chichester, UK, Wiley-Blackwell. http://site.ebrary.com/id/10308059.

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